1. What is NOSDRA?
NOSDRA means National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency.
2. Who owns NOSDRA?
The National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA), a Federal Government parastatal under the Federal Ministry of Environment, Housing and Urban development, was established under the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (Establishment) Act 15, 2006 as the institutional framework for the implementation of the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan.
3. Vision Statement of NOSDRA
“To create, nurture and sustain a zero tolerance oil spill incident in the Nigerian Environment”
4. Mission Statement of NOSDRA
“To restore and preserve our environment by ensuring best Oil field, storage and transmission practices in exploration, production and use of oil in the quest to achieve sustainable development in Nigeria”
5. What are the objectives of NOSDRA?
- Establish a viable national operational organization that ensures a safe, timely, effective and appropriate response to all oil pollution in Nigeria;
- Identify high-risk as well as priority areas for protection and clean up;
- Maximize the effective use of the available facilities and resources of corporate bodies, their international connections and oil spill cooperatives i.e. Clean Nigeria Associates (CNA) in implementing appropriate spill response;
- Ensure funding, appropriate and sufficient pre-positioned pollution combating equipment and materials, as well as functional communication network system required for effective response to major oil pollution;
- Ensure a programme of activation, training and drill exercises to ensure readiness to oil pollution preparedness and the management of operational personnel;
- Co-operate and provide advisory services, technical support and equipment for purposes of responding to major oil pollution incident in the West African sub-region upon request by any neighbouring country, particularly where a part of the Nigerian territory may be threatened;
- Provide support for research and development (R&D) in the local development of methods, materials and equipment for oil spill detection; and
- Carry out such other activities as are necessary or expedient for the full discharge of its functions and the execution of the Plan.
6. What are the key functions of NOSDRA?
- Responsible for surveillance and ensuring compliance with all existing environmental legislation and the detection of oil spills in the Petroleum Sector;
- Receive reports of oil spillages and coordinate oil spill response activities throughout Nigeria;
- Co-ordinate the implementation of the NOSCP as may be formulated, from time to time, by the Federal Government;
- Co-ordinate the implementation of the NOSCP for the removal of hazardous substance as may be issued by the Federal Government;
- Encourage regional co-operation among member States of West African Sub-region and Gulf of Guinea for combating oil spillage and pollution in our contiguous waters.
7. What is the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan?
The National Oil Spill Contingency Plan (NOSCP) is a blueprint/manual for checking oil spill through, containment, recovery, and remediation/restoration. It is a proactive strategy for preventing loss of lives, assets and natural resources. The National Oil Spill Contingency Plan is mandatory for all parties to the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response Co-operation (OPRC 90) which Nigeria has ratified.
8. What is the tier-response system?
The tier-response system is a plan used to monitor and co-ordinate respond to oil spills in Nigeria. There are 3 tiers.
Operational type spills, less than or equal to 7 metric tons (50 barrels), that may occur at or near a company’s own facility.
A large spill, greater than 7 metric tons (50 barrels) but less than 700 metric tons (5000 barrels), in the vicinity of a company’s facility where resources from another company, industry and possible government response Agencies in the area can be called in, on a mutual aid basis.
The large spill, greater than 700 metric tons (5000 barrels), where substantial further resources will be required and support from a National (Tier 3) or International Co-operative Stockpile, like the Oil Spill Response Limited (OSRL), may be necessary. Such operation is subject to government control and direction.