According to the NOSDRA establishment Act, the objective of the Agency shall be to co-ordinate and implement the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan (NOSCP) for Nigeria as follows:

Establish a viable national operational organization that ensures a safe, timely, effective and appropriate response to major or disastrous oil pollution

Identify high-risk as well as priority areas for protection and clean up

Establish the mechanism to monitor and assist or where expedient direct the response, including the capability to mobilize the necessary resources to save lives, protect threatened environment, and clean up to the best practical extent of the impacted site

Maximize the effective use of the available facilities and resources of corporate bodies, their international connections and oil spill cooperatives i.e. Clean Nigeria Associates (CNA) in implementing appropriate spill response

Activation of the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan (NOSCP) and Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan (ROSCP)

Ensure funding, appropriate and sufficient pre-positioned pollution combating equipment and materials, as well as functional communication network system required for effective response to major oil pollution

Provide a program of activation, training and drill exercises to ensure readiness to oil pollution preparedness and the management of operational personnel

Co-operate and provide advisory services, technical support and equipment for purposes of responding to major oil pollution incident in the West African sub-region upon request by any neighboring country, particularly where a part of the Nigerian territory may be threatened

Provide support for research and development (R&D) in the local development of methods, materials and equipment for oil spill detection

Co-operate with the International Maritime Organization and other national, regional and international organizations in the promotion and exchange of results of research and development program relating to the enhancement of the state-of-the art of the oil pollution preparedness and response, including technologies, techniques for surveillance, containment, recovery, disposal and clean-up to the best practical extent

Establish agreements with neighboring countries regarding the rapid movement of equipment, personnel and supplies into and out of the countries for emergency oil spill response activities

Determine and preposition vital combat equipment at most strategic areas for rapid response

Establish procedures by which the Nigerian Customs Service and the Nigerian Immigration Service shall ensure rapid importation of extra support response equipment and personnel

Develop and implement an appropriate audit system for the entire plan; and Carry out such other activities as are necessary or expedient for the full discharge of its functions and the execution of the Plan under this Act